Aside From Wood and Vinyl Mesa AZ
Don't forget that some of these siding materials can be used together" like stucco and engineered wood trim in Mesa.
Aside From Wood and Vinyl
Don't forget that some of these siding materials can be used together" like stucco and engineered wood trim. � Photos Courtesy Louisiana-Pacific
In addition to traditional wood siding, siding choices include vinyl - which is typically the least costly - fiber cement, engineered wood, stucco, brick, manufactured stone, and stone, with brick and stone generally being the more expensive options, though costs can vary within all categories. With most siding choices, homeowners can mix and match materials to create a custom-finished look on their homes. Re-siding is also a popular option when current siding is not holding up well or the homeowner wants to improve curb appeal or add value to a house without disturbing the inside.
Many of the wood-look alternatives attempt to replicate the charm and character of wood, while featuring characteristics that improve on some of the qualities inherent in wood siding. Wood-look siding is generally available as lap siding (which are long strips oriented horizontally that uniformly overlap a certain amount), as panel siding (wide sheets of material installed with the longer dimension placed vertically), or as individual shingles or shakes.
Wood-Look Options Abound
Fiber-cement siding (cement board) is a relatively new and highly durable product. Introduced in its current form in the United States about a decade ago, it gives the look of wood without the knots and inconsistencies and often at a lower cost. It is available as lap siding in several widths (typically in 12-foot lengths) as vertical siding, and as individual shingles or shingle panels in a variety of widths and lengths.
Composed of cement, ground sand, cellulose fiber and water, fiber-cement siding has excellent dimensional stability and offers greater protection against the elements than wood, stucco, vinyl or aluminum. Sporting a relatively low wood content, it resists shrinking and swelling, moisture damage, and damage from termites and other wood-eating insects, and it will not rot or crack, even in extremely damp (wet and humid) climates.
Thicker than vinyl, fiber-cement siding offers impact resistance against hail and windblown debris and, therefore, could be a good choice in hurricane-prone areas. Fiber-cement siding also resists damage from the weather effects of cold, windy climates; salt air; and temperature swings, such as hot spots close to an outdoor gas grill. Unlike vinyl siding, which will melt or burn when exposed to a significant heat source or flame, fiber-cement siding is fire resistant.
The siding usually installs over wood framing with a hand or power nailer but can also be installed over steel framing -- using screws -- over block, or over furring strips over block. It cuts easily with traditional woodworking tools, including circular saws and hole saws, preferably with carbide or diamond-tipped blades. The saws will generate quite a bit of potentially unhealthy dust and therefore should be used with dust-collection systems in place, and installers should wear dust masks or respirators. Installers can also use power shears, which cut down on dust generation during installation.
Fiber-cement siding is available unfinished in several wood-like textures, unprimed or primed ready for painting, or as a finished product, pre-painted or pre-stained to replicate the look of stained wood. The material is quite porous, so it takes a fair amount of paint. But it also holds the paint well, typically three to four times longer than wood siding does. Because the material is considered to be self-cleaning from rain and snow, a paint job can last about 15 years. For a total harmonious finished look, manufacturers often offer matching accessories, including nails, caulk, metal accessories and touch-up paint.
James Hardie's fiber-cement lap siding, Hardiplank, for example, comes in widths ranging from 5 1/4 inches (with 4-inch exposure) to 12 inches wide (with 10-3/4-inch exposure) in 12-foot-length planks, each 5/16 of an inch thick. Texture choices include natural cedar, smooth (featuring a finely sanded appearance) and beaded cedar, and beaded smooth. Hardishingle siding for sidewall applications offers the look of individual wood shingles and is available either in 4-foot sheets or as individual shingles suitable for smaller coverage areas.
The company also offers fiber-cement pre-primed vertical siding panels in a variety of finished looks, including stucco, in 4-foot widths and 8- and 10-foot lengths. Hardiplank and Hardipanel come with a 50-year limited transferable product warranty against rotting, cracking and delaminating; Hardishingle comes with a 30-year limited transferable product warranty.
Available in brick, stone and shake finishes, Nichiha USA fiber-cement siding comes in panel format. The brick and stone panels, which are 18 inches high and 6 feet long, are available as 3/4-inch-thick brick, in several different reds, including white-washed; 3/4-inch weathered dry-stacked stone, in several shades; or 1-inch gray or brown textured sandstone.
The panels are secured at studs with anodized aluminum clips that can be nailed or screwed onto metal or wood framing. Their unique construction features a pocket of air between the panel and substrate that the company claims will reduce moisture buildup, thereby minimizing damage to substrate. No special tools are required to install the siding, which comes with a limited 50-year transferable warranty.
The shakes, which are half an inch thick, 9 inches high and come in 8-foot panel lengths, are available either factory primed or factory stained in any of four wood-tone finishes. They install like other lap siding products. When blind nailed, the shakes, which carry a 30-year warranty, will withstand winds exceeding 110 mph.
There are many older homes covered with asbestos-cement siding that has stood the test of time. As asbestos-cement siding is no longer manufactured (and hasn't been for many years due to health concerns about asbestos), homeowners who want to replace vintage broken or cracked asbestos siding, or build additions, need asbestos-free substitutes to maintain the original look. GAF Materials Corp. is the only company offering a non-asbestos fiber-cement siding in the same thicknesses and often the same sizes and finishes as the older product. Because the product, WeatherSide, is an exact match in size and texture, individual shingles can be replaced without cutting, making replacement an easy task that, in accessible areas, the homeowner can tackle as a do-it-yourselfer. The shingles come with pre-drilled nail holes. WeatherSide is easy to install with nails, takes stain or paint, and does not require caulking at every joint. The siding shingles can also be used on new construction. Like other cement products, the siding does not shrink, swell or warp, is noncombustible, and stands up to harsh weather. WeatherSide fiber-cement siding is available in three sizes in various styles and carries a 25-year nontransferable warranty.
Engineered wood siding results from bonding wood residuals - chips, shavings, fibers, strands, dust and wood waste - together with an adhesive (typically a thermal set resin) under pressure and high temperature in a hot press. The process and specific materials can differ greatly depending on the manufacturer. According to Curt Peterson, executive vice president of the American Hardboard Association, the product is considered a middle-cost material, pricing out about the same as vinyl, and has about 15 to 20 percent of the residential cladding market. It is particularly popular in mountain regions and the Southwest, and it can take many forms.
Hardboard engineered wood siding : Georgia-Pacific Catawba Engineered Wood Siding is made from 100 percent debarked pulp-grade chips washed and refined into very fine fibers. The chips are mixed with binders and pressed at extremely high temperatures that reactivate the lignin in the wood to further strengthen the bonding. The result is a consistent, clean building material that, according to the company, enables it to perform well under all weather conditions. The siding profiles are machined into the face of the lap and panels, creating detail and shadow lines. The siding is available in six styles with a variety of profiles and textures, in 7/16-inch-thick, 4-foot-wide panels in 7-, 8- or 9-foot lengths; or 1/2-inch-thick, 6-, 8- or 12-inch-wide lap siding in 16-foot lengths. Factory-primed, the siding is less costly than lumber alternatives and comparable to fiber-cement products. It comes with a 30-year limited warranty.
Treated Engineered Wood Siding : Louisiana-Pacific's SmartSide treated engineered wood siding, including SmartLap and SmartPanel, is composed of cured composites of wood strands bound together using resins. Lightweight compared with fiber-cement siding, the siding, which is treated to resist termites and fungal decay, resists chipping, splitting, warping, delamination and buckling. Featuring moisture-resistant edge-and-groove coating, the pre-primed surface is paint-ready and, notes the manufacturer, has low paint absorption. No special tools are required for installation. (The material cuts with standard circular saw blades). Offering a cedar grain appearance, SmartLap siding comes in 3/8-inch and 7/16-inch thicknesses in full-size 16-foot lengths (33 percent longer than standard 12-foot fiber-cement siding), and 6-, 8- and 12-inch widths. The siding carries a product 30-year warranty and a seven-year 100 percent repair/replacement warranty.
Brick is one of the oldest siding choices, having been used to build homes for about 10,000 years. While it is more likely that brick is used on today's homes as an exterior veneer over wood-frame walls rather than for load-bearing walls, it is still a very practical building material that offers easy and distinctive customization, as well as curb appeal. Pest- and weather-resistant, it is fireproof, doesn't rot, fade, warp, dent, or tear, and never needs to be painted.
According to the Brick Industry Association, simply because of its sheer mass, siding brick - which is also referred to as face brick - thwarts outdoor temperature extremes from affecting the temperature inside a home. The thermal lag translates to energy savings from less need for air conditioning in the summer and less need for heat in the winter. Brick also muffles noise from passing cars or airplanes, the Institute points out.
Brick is made from clay found in deposits laid down as long as hundreds of millions of years ago and combined with younger clay. Typically, the clay is pulverized in a grinder to achieve color consistency and then blended with water and formed into bricks. The bricks are dried and fired to very high temperatures (up to 2,000° F), and then cooled.
There are three types of manufactured face brick: extruded face brick (made from an extruded column of prepared raw material sliced into brick-size units that are fairly regular in shape), machine-molded face brick (made from raw material placed in brick-shaped boxes, slightly less regular as a finished piece), and handmade face brick made one piece at a time. The vast majority of brick is extruded brick. Face brick is available in three grades of weather resistance, corresponding to needs and requirements in various geographic regions and climates: severe, moderate or negligible.
Brick offers myriad design possibilities. Available in a range of textures, from smooth to stippled or brushed, and in many different composite colors and hues, including whites, tans, taupes, pastel rose, bisques, salmons, creams, deep oranges, classic reds, and earth tones, each installation can achieve a distinctive look. The bricks can be installed using a variety of traditional bond patterns, which are created by the relationship of rows and courses of bricks to each other. And the composite colors of most brick siding allow for latitude of mixing and matching of exterior trim accessories. Plus, mortar between the joints makes up about 20 percent of the surface area of the wall. Because mortar comes in several shades of gray, brown, and even black, and in distinctive textures, installers can use it to accent the overall look of any brick siding for a distinctive custom finish.
According to Tom Perry, vice president of marketing for the Brick Industry Association, there is a trend toward molded brick that looks aged - a little gnarly, lumpy and bumpy - which can give even a new home an "old" patina. "Brick is the only material you can build your house from that enables it to look old the day it is built," he notes. "Brick, which can also be used to make your home look very modern, offers the opportunity to be artistic."
Face brick is also available in special shapes for use in arches and other architectural detailing, and for watertables, which are projected brick sections that may be used to reduce water penetration or add to the aesthetics of the overall installation.
Brick siding costs about 4 to 6 percent more than wood or vinyl siding. However, according to Marshall and Swift's Residential Cost Handbook, a reference often used by real-estate appraisers, brick homes appreciate an average of about 6 percent more than a similar home with vinyl, wood, cedar or aluminum siding.
According to Characteristics of New Housing , a recent joint publication from the U.S. Department of Commerce, the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, about 21 percent of houses in the country are built with over 50 percent brick siding. Manufacturers of brick for residential applications generally distribute regionally, because of shipping costs. The strongest markets for brick, geographically, are along the south Atlantic seaboard, and the east south-central and west south-central states.
Manufactured Stone Veneer
Composed of mixtures of natural ingredients, including cement and lightweight natural aggregates, and fabricated to replicate the look and texture of natural stone, stone veneer siding is cast in molds made from natural stones, with iron-oxide pigments used to achieve the authentic coloration of natural stone. It costs about half as much, installed, as full-thickness stone. Stone veneer siding is noncombustible and just about maintenance-free, with occasional washing to remove dust and dirt.
Available as individual units or, in some cases, as components of several stones, stone veneer siding installs onto lath over wood framing or over a masonry surface. It is lightweight, compared with natural, full-thickness stone.
Cultured Stone, a division of Owens Corning, offers 19 different textures and over 80 colors of manufactured stone, in flat stones and in corner stones. At 8 to 12 pounds per square foot, it weighs about one-quarter the weight of natural, full-thickness stone, and it requires no special engineering, foundations or wall ties as real stone masonry would. The average thickness of the siding is 1 3/4 inches, though the veneer can vary from 1 to 3 inches depending on texture. The base color is blended throughout the product, with color overtones applied and integrated into the product during the casting process. To eliminate the possibility of repetition, no two stones are produced with the exact same coloring, the manufacturer points out. The siding, which carries a 50-year limited warranty, is installed using portland-cement mortar over a properly prepared substrate. The mortar can be tinted to complement or match the stone.
Stucco siding is an applied cement-plaster compound composed of fine sand, portland cement, hydrated lime and water. Fireproof and seamless, it is a durable finished product applied wet, typically in three coats, atop wire lath, by trowel, roller or spray. Stucco siding can either accept color as pigment in the final coat or be painted when dry. It may be textured. While stucco can cover an entire house, it is also popular as accent siding anywhere on the exterior walls, or as siding over a block foundation. Under most conditions, stucco generally lasts as long as the house. However, because it is rigid, it is not a good choice for earthquake-prone areas where stresses could result in the stucco cracking. Also, on a new house, the material could crack if a house moves when settling.
Injected Molded-Polymer Siding
Injected molded-polymer cedar-shingle siding is made from polypropylene in a hot molten stage injected or extruded into a steel mold. When the material cools, it is ejected from the mold as a finished product. It is typically heavier than vinyl siding, is impact resistant, and is capable of carrying more detail. The color is molded through, so that the product does not have to be painted or caulked.
Alcoa's Mastic brand premium polymer siding, Cedar Discovery, for example, is available in a variety of textures and shapes, including half-round and fish-scale. Introduced two years ago, the siding panels feature a random pattern of deep, varying-width grooves, to replicate the look of hand-installed cedar shingles. The siding, which aims for a fairly random look, interlocks upon installation, and can compensate for any siding expansion and contraction. It is available in 10 paint colors and three natural wood grains. The product, which is 80 mils thick (twice the thickness of most vinyl) carries a lifetime warranty to the original purchaser. According to the manufacturer, the polymer siding runs about half the cost of cedar shakes and is less expensive than cedar clapboard and fiber-cement shingles, but more expensive than fiber-cement clapboard, vinyl or engineered wood. It is considered a premium product.
Regardless of the siding material selected, there are enough options in material, style, texture and color to create a custom look that fits personal preference and budget.